The governance framework for security of supply has to detail responsibilities at a national, regional and European level.
Within the current governance framework, Member States and NRAs are responsible for generation adequacy based on the expertise of TSOs, while TSOs are responsible for the operational security of the power system (Reg. 714/2009). The operational network codes provide the rules and tools to preserve security of supply and manage system operations, and should be implemented as quickly as possible. TSOs have set up RSCIs to facilitate regional coordination of operational security 1 through the provision of services for short/mid-term adequacy forecasts and coordinated actions, allowing TSOs to deploy the most robust solutions during real-time operation. The full decision-making responsibility in system operation, however, needs to remain with the TSOs and is exercised according to national regulations. ENTSO-E provides a consistent framework, harmonisation of processes, and common definitions at the pan-EU level and ensures interoperability between RSCIs.
National decisions should remain consistent with the integrated market and should recognise the key role of market-based initiatives and regional coordination and co-operation, in line with subsidiarity and the EU framework. Coordination through the Electricity Coordination Group and regional initiatives such as the Pentalateral Forum offer an additional platform for enhancing cooperation between Member States.
Reporting of shortand medium-term regional resilience and adequacy assessments performed by TSOs within ENTSO-E forecasts provides an efficient and consistent approach, so that market parties are informed of the risks and can take actions to balance the energy system. In terms of governance, each Member State has to ensure that a legal framework is provided to ensure its own security of supply and its contribution to European adequacy. Principles for coordination between TSOs, DSOs and market parties in case of anticipated simultaneous scarcity situations should be defined. Such principles should also be part of the national and the regionally-coordinated risk preparedness plans.
Multilateral Remedial Actions and Multilateral Agreements: Clear roles and responsibilities of all parties should be defined to enable management of scarcity situations in all relevant timeframes:
Regional cooperation of Member States to ensure generation adequacy based on TSO expertise (Dir. 2005/89 or revise to serve new needs) within the framework of ECG, PLEF and others; Regional cooperation of TSOs within RSCIs to ensure operational security (Reg. 714/2009). Related network codes should be implemented as soon as possible; and Risk Preparedness Plans based on a common template, definitions and concepts, as developed by TSOs and coordinated at the regional level through the RSCIs.
Political agreements and solidarity principles should be developed between Member States within a pan-EU framework.
Multilateral Agreements for the management of simultaneous scarcity situations should be developed by TSOs and NRAs together with Member States.
MRA agreements among TSOs, with NRA approval of the agreements, should provide the basis/ rules for the management of scarcity situations.
see parallel paper “Where the Energy Union starts: regions” ↩